Public hospitals provided charity care equal to 14 percent of their total patient revenue, while religious hospitals provided care equal to 2.2 percent, an amount comparable to that in private hospitals and nonsectarian not-for-profits.  In 2013, Robert Calderisi wrote that the Catholic Church has around 18,000 clinics, 16,000 homes for the elderly and those with special needs, and 5,500 hospitals – with 65 per cent of them located in developing countries. , Various Catholic saints are considered patrons of nursing: Saint Agatha, Saint Alexius, Saint Camillus of Lellis, St Catherine of Alexandria, St Catherine of Siena, St John of God, St Margaret of Antioch, and Raphael the Archangel. If required to provide family planning services, Catholic facilities will be “forced out,” resulting in “stark and bleak” consequences for the needy. As in all other continents, Catholic missionaries established health care centres across the continent – though limitations on Catholic institutions remain in place for much of Muslim North Africa. , Healing shrines were established and different saints came to be invoked for every body part in the hope of miraculous cures. Mediaeval hospitals had a strongly Christian ethos and were, in the words of historian of medicine Roy Porter, "religious foundations through and through"; Ecclesiastical regulations were passed to govern medicine, partly to prevent clergymen profiting from medicine.  A 2014 report by The U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child called on the Church to "overcome all the barriers and taboos surrounding adolescent sexuality that hinder their access to sexual and reproductive information, including on family planning and contraceptives". We rarely fund multi-year grants or make capital and endowment grants; do not provide emergency funds; and depending on circumstances, may choose not to award grants to an organization for more than two consecutive years (except for health care services grants from the St. Anthony Fund). Catholic hospitals, which are publicly funded, take the position that as institutions they have religious rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. They may be for-profit or nonprofit organizations. Use Catholic hospitals to test federal funding of hospitals: CHA Published: 23 November 2009 Catholic Health Australia is urging Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to take over the funding of Catholic hospitals to begin delivering a 2007 election promise to take control of the public hospital system. Catholic rules limit care in far-reaching ways, well beyond what many patients and health care providers understand or expect. The famous Mother Teresa of Calcutta established the Missionaries of Charity in the slums of Calcutta in 1948 to work among "the poorest of the poor".  In public debates, particularly among Western nations like the United States, this has raised questions over insurance public/private financial co-operation and government interference and regulation of health facilities. Cynthia L. Cooper is a free-lance journalist in New York who specializes in reproductive rights. Some government support to religious hospitals was not included in the study, such as breaks on the costs of construction financing from using government bond programs. Catholic health care comprised the largest nonprofit system in the nation in 1999, according to the Catholic Health Care Association of the United States. Cosmas and Damian, brothers from Cilicia in Asia Minor, supplanted the pagan Asclepius as the patron saints of medicine and were celebrated for their healing powers.." Said to have lived in the late Third Century AD and to have performed a miraculous first leg transplant on a patient, and later martyred under the Emperor Diocletian, Cosmos and Damian appear in the heraldry of barber-surgeon companies.." Notable contributors to the medical sciences of those early centuries include Tertullian (born A.D. 160), Clement of Alexandria, Lactantius and the learned St. Isidore of Seville (d. 636). Lord, give me this seeing faith, then my work will never be motononous.  The Jesuit order, created during the Reformation, contributed a number of distinguished medical scientists. Sampson served with distinction for a year and a half in upstate New York, where strategic American forts blocked the British goal of seizing the Hudson River Valley.She was chosen for an elite military unit and served in raids on Loyalists and Indians who had been harassing Patriot families in the area. The report evaluated charity care to the indigent by sampling six states–California, Florida, Maryland, Minnesota, New Jersey and New York. Emergency department and outpatient services are mainly funded by governments, whereas admitted patient services are commonly funded by both private (non-government) and government sources. Catholic hospitals receive public money and ten of the 25 largest hospital systems in the U.S. are Catholic-sponsored.  St Luke the Evangelist, credited as one of the authors of The New Testament, was a physician.  During the 1990s, the church provided about one in six hospital beds in America, at around 566 hospitals, many established by nuns.  In response to the subsequent AIDS epidemic which emerged from the 1980s onward, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has argued that "comprehensive condom programming is a key institutional priority ... because condoms ... are recognized as the only currently available and effective way to prevent HIV – and other sexually transmitted infections – among sexually active people". Catholic religious have been responsible for founding and running networks of hospitals across the world where medical research continues to be advanced. A private hospital is one which is owned and governed by a person or many people who are managing the whole finances on their own. The report also notes that in some states, 40 percent of all hospital beds are in a facility that complies with Catholic directives on health care.  According to the Parable of the Sheep and the Goats, which is found in Matthew 25, Jesus identified so strongly with the sick and afflicted that he equated serving them with serving him: For I was hungry and you fed me, thirsty and you gave me drink. , In Renaissance Italy, the Popes were often patrons of the study of anatomy and Catholic artists such as Michelangelo advanced knowledge of the field through such studies as sketching cadavers to improve his portraits of the crucifixion. An early hospital may have been built at Constantinople during the age of Constantine by St. Zoticus.  Petrus of Spain (1210-1277) was a physician who wrote the popular Treasury of the Poor medical text and became Pope John XXI in 1276.  The Little Sisters of the Poor, who follow the charism of Saint Jeanne Jugan to "offer hospitality to the needy aged" arrived in Melbourne in 1884 and now operate four aged care homes in Australia. A doctor eventually found her out when treating a fever epidemic. 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