XXXVI.--At the same time, Domitius arrived in Macedonia: and whennumerous embassies had begun to wait on him from many of the states,news was brought that Scipio was approaching with his legions, whichoccasioned various opinions and reports; for in strange events, rumourgenerally goes before. This circumstancesaved the money at Ephesus. It was abandoned by an author who found himself living in a different world than that which saw its commencement. XC.--When he was exhorting his army to battle, according to the militarycustom, and spoke to them of the favours that they had constantlyreceived from him, he took especial care to remind them "that he couldcall his soldiers to witness the earnestness with which he had soughtpeace, the efforts that he had made by Vatinius to gain a conference[with Labienus], and likewise by Claudius to treat with Scipio, in whatmanner he had exerted himself at Oricum, to gain permission from Libo tosend ambassadors; that he had been always reluctant to shed the blood ofhis soldiers, and did not wish to deprive the republic of one or otherof her armies." Civil Wars (51-47) Hermeskeil. When Libo saw them advancing boldly towards him, hesent five four-banked galleys against them, in hopes of interceptingthem. Lentulus urging the respect due to hisage, Domitius boasting his interest in the city and his dignity, andScipio presuming on his alliance with Pompey. Onecircumstance laid the Pompeians under great difficulty in making good aretreat: for they had advanced from disadvantageous ground, and wereposted on the top of a hill. Besidesthese, there were two thousand horse, who had acquired the skill ofveterans by being in several wars in Alexandria. Takingtherefore measures suited to their exigency, and to the shortness of thetime, Pompey possessed himself of an eminence, at such a distance fromour fort, that no weapon discharged from an engine could reach him. LV.--Aetolia, Acarnania, and Amphilochis, being reduced, as we haverelated, by Cassius Longinus, and Calvisius Sabinus, Caesar thought heought to attempt the conquest of Achaia, and to advance farther into thecountry. In another, the Germans, havingsallied over our fortifications, slew several of the enemy, andretreated safe to our camp. Pompey did the same; and pitching hiscamp on the other side of the river Apsus, collected there all histroops and auxiliaries. Thus, new andfresh troops having come to the assistance of the fatigued, and othershaving made an attack on their rear, Pompey's men were not able tomaintain their ground, but all fled, nor was Caesar deceived in hisopinion that the victory, as he had declared in his speech to hissoldiers, must have its beginning from those six cohorts which he hadplaced as a fourth line to oppose the horse. XCII.--There was so much space left between the two lines, as sufficedfor the onset of the hostile armies: but Pompey had ordered his soldiersto await Caesar's attack, and not to advance from their position, orsuffer their line to be put into disorder. The soldiers of the ninthlegion suddenly closing their files threw their javelins, and advancingimpetuously from the low ground up the steep, drove Pompey's menprecipitately before them, and obliged them to turn their backs; buttheir retreat was greatly impeded by the hurdles that lay in a long linebefore them, and the pallisadoes which were in their way, and thetrenches that were sunk. Besides, the usual design of asiege is to cut off the enemy's supplies. LXXXIII.--Already Domitius, Scipio, and Lentulus Spinthur, in theirdaily quarrels about Caesar's priesthood, openly abused each other inthe most scurrilous language. Format : PDF, ePub, Docs CIV.--The king's friends, who were regents of the kingdom during theminority, being informed of these things, either induced by fear, asthey afterwards declared, lest Pompey should corrupt the king's army,and seize on Alexandria and Egypt; or despising his bad fortune, as inadversity friends commonly change to enemies, in public gave afavourable answer to his deputies, and desired him to come to the king;but secretly laid a plot against him, and despatched Achillas, captainof the king's guards, a man of singular boldness, and Lucius Septimius amilitary tribune to assassinate him. Read : 426, Caesar Book III of the Civil War Partly in the Original and Partly in F P Long s Translation, Caesar in Gaul and selections from the third book of the Civil war, The commentaries of C Julius Caesar The Civil war book 1 ed by C E Moberly, Caesar s Civil War With Pompeius Classic Reprint, Lighthouses and Lightships of Rhode Island, Coloring & Malayalam Letter Tracing Book for Kids, Clothing the Poor in Nineteenth-Century England, Captain Jacks Woman and a Gentlemans Honor, Mirandas Reading Log: My First 200 Books (Gatst), Bear Grylls Sticker Activity: Under the Sea, Young Pompety Pompton Asks for an Allowance, Hcci and Cai Engines for the Automotive Industry, Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry: Volume 36, Modern Digital And Analog Communication Systems, Linking Assessment to Instructional Strategies, Four Seasons in Five Senses: Things Worth Savoring, Jatropha, Challenges for a New Energy Crop, Essentials of Mineral Exploration and Evaluation. Julius Caesar: The Civil War: Book III Edited and Translated by P. L. Carter. They urged and struggled eagerly to gain the one pointrespecting a truce. Columns, doors, corn,soldiers, sailors, arms, engines, and carriages, were made subject to aduty. By thismeans, the lesser camp included within the greater, answered the purposeof a fort and citadel. He himself disposed slingers inconvenient places to cover our men in their retreat. Attius Rufus chargedLucius Afranius before Pompey with betraying the army in the action thathappened in Spain, and Lucius Domitius declared in the council that itwas his wish that, when the war should be ended, three billets should begiven to all the senators who had taken part with them in the war, andthat they should pass sentence on every single person who had stayedbehind at Rome, or who had been within Pompey's garrisons and had notcontributed their assistance in the military operations; that by thefirst billet they should-have power to acquit, by the second to passsentence of death, and by the third to impose a pecuniary fine. Published by Penguin Books in their Penguin Classics series - first printing 1967 - numbered on spine L187. They were therefore obliged tosearch for low and marshy grounds, and to sink wells, and they had thislabour in addition to their daily works. In like manner, Lucius Lentulus was seized by the king'sorder, and put to death in prison. Download : 744 The Commentaries of Caesar. But they had not the confidence to dare to move out of theharbour; though Caesar had brought only twelve ships as a convoy, onlyfour of which had decks; nor did Bibulus, his fleet being disordered andhis seamen dispersed, come up in time: for Caesar was seen at thecontinent before any account whatsoever of his approach had reachedthose regions. But theirconversation was suddenly interrupted by darts thrown from all sides,from which Vatinius escaped by being protected by the arms of thesoldiers. XXVII.--Here one might observe the sudden turns of fortune. At the same time he gave them notice to beready for battle on the day following, and since the opportunity whichthey had so often wished for was now arrived, not to disappoint theopinion generally entertained of their experience and valour. Format : PDF, ePub As soon as the work was finished, they sentambassadors to treat about a capitulation. In the meantime, let the truce becontinued till the messengers could return from him; and let no injurybe done on either side." All Rights Reserved. But the Allobroges, who were in the retinue ofAegus and Roscillus, and who had deserted to Pompey, having met on theroad a scouting party of Domitius; either from old acquaintance, becausethey had served together in Gaul, or elated with vain glory, gave theman account of all that had happened, and informed them of Caesar'sdeparture, and Pompey's arrival. The inhabitants of Apolloniasent ambassadors to Caesar, and gave him admission into their town.Their example was followed by the inhabitants of Bullis, Amantia, andthe other neighbouring states, and all Epirus: and they sent ambassadorsto Caesar, and promised to obey his commands. For Pompey, after the first day's delay, and thefatigue which he endured for some days in vain, though he exertedhimself by forced marches, and was anxious to overtake us, who had gotthe start of him, on the fourth day desisted from the pursuit, anddetermined to follow other measures. Read : 415, Author : Julius Caesar Format : PDF, ePub Inshort, Pompey's whole army talked of nothing but the honours or sums ofmoney which were to be their rewards, or of vengeance on their enemies;and never considered how they were to defeat their enemies, but in whatmanner they should use their victory. They, therefore, sent deputiesto Caesar, and begged a supply from him; all other inconveniences theybore by their own resources, as well as they could: and after a longinterval, when the length of the siege had made Octavius's troops moreremiss than usual, having got an opportunity at noon, when the enemywere dispersed, they disposed their wives and children on the walls, tokeep up the appearance of their usual attention; and forming themselvesinto one body, with the slaves whom they had lately enfranchised, theymade an attack on Octavius's nearest camp, and having forced that,attacked the second with the same fury; and then the third and thefourth, and then the other, and beat them from them all: and havingkilled a great number, obliged the rest and Octavius himself to fly forrefuge to their ships. Read : 807, Author : Julius Caesar Thiscircumstance was known to Pompey, being told to him by the Allobrogiandeserters, and proved of great disadvantage to us. In oneplace, Volcatius Tullus sustained the charge of a legion with threecohorts, and beat them off the field. The Civil Wars By Julius Caesar Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. CIX.--Whilst these things were debated before Caesar, and he was veryanxious to settle the royal disputes as a common friend and arbitrator;news was brought on a sudden that the king's army and all his cavalrywere on their march to Alexandria. Download : 759 Thus a trifling circumstance proved ofgreat importance to each party; for the rampart drawn from the camp tothe river, interrupted the progress and certainty of Caesar's victory,after he had forced Pompey's camp. And so it happened; for Pompey, at first not knowing his design,because he imagined he had taken a route in a different direction fromthat country, thought that the scarcity of provisions had obliged him toshift his quarters; but having afterwards got true intelligence from hisscouts, he decamped the day following, hoping to prevent him by taking ashorter road; which Caesar suspecting might happen, encouraged histroops to submit cheerfully to the fatigue, and having halted a verysmall part of the night, he arrived early in the morning at Dyrrachium,when the van of Pompey's army was visible at a distance, and there heencamped. CVI.--After a few days' delay in Asia, Caesar, having heard that Pompeyhad been seen in Cyprus, and conjecturing that he had directed hiscourse into Egypt, on account of his connection with that kingdom, setout for Alexandria with two legions (one of which he ordered to followhim from Thessaly, the other he called in from Achaia, from Fufius, thelieutenant-general) and with eight hundred horse, ten ships of war fromRhodes, and a few from Asia. These he first of alloccupied with guards, and raised strong forts on them. Therefore, in those two years, thedebt of the province was doubled: but notwithstanding, taxes wereexacted, not only from the Roman citizens, but from every corporationand every state. XCVII.--Caesar having possessed himself of Pompey's camp, urged hissoldiers not to be too intent on plunder, and lose the opportunity ofcompleting their conquest. Caesar,seeing no likelihood of being able to bring Pompey to an action, judgedit the most expedient method of conducting the war, to decamp from thatpost, and to be always in motion: with this hope, that by shifting hiscamp and removing from place to place, he might be more convenientlysupplied with corn, and also, that by being in motion he might get someopportunity of forcing them to battle, and might by constant marchesharass Pompey's army, which was not accustomed to fatigue. Caesar's Civil War is an unfinished masterpiece. Accordingly, he detached Fufius thither, and ordered QuintusSabinus and Cassius to join him with their cohorts. And therefore, when our menwere oppressed in every manner, and were scarcely able to makeresistance, the defect in our works was observed, and Pompey's soldiers,landing between the two ramparts, where the work was unfinished,attacked our men in the rear, and having beat them from both sides ofthe fortification, obliged them to flee. Amongthem was Valerius, the son of Lucius Flaccus, who as praetor hadformerly had the government of Asia, and six military standards weretaken. Crastinus,also, of whom mention was made before, fighting most courageously, losthis life by the wound of a sword in the mouth; nor was that false whichhe declared when marching to battle: for Caesar entertained the highestopinion of his behaviour in that battle, and thought him highlydeserving of his approbation. The Egyptian fleet was commanded by Pompey,the son: the Asiatic, by Decimus Laelius, and Caius Triarius: theSyrian, by Caius Cassius: the Rhodian, by Caius Marcellus, inconjunction with Caius Coponius; and the Liburnian, and Achaian, byScribonius Libo, and Marcus Octavius. XXXVII--Scipio, having stayed for two days in his camp, along the riverHaliacmon, which ran between him and Domitius's camp, on the third day,at dawn, led his army across a ford, and having made a regularencampment the day following, drew up his forces in front of his camp.Domitius thought he ought not to show any reluctance, but should drawout his forces and hazard a battle. In themeantime, considering that the disputes of the princes belonged to thejurisdiction of the Roman people, and of him as consul, and that it wasa duty more incumbent on him, as in his former consulate a league hadbeen made with Ptolemy the late king, under sanction both of a law, anda decree of the senate, he signified that it was his pleasure, that kingPtolemy, and his sister Cleopatra, should disband their armies, anddecide their disputes in his presence by justice, rather than by thesword. Other means tobring about a negotiation of peace fourth day of January, with the Spanish cohorts, isthe... Year were demanded beforehandas a loan from the camp to the mountains, hisstrength exhausted. And a considerable number of men, and the adjacent countries expedition of Scipio, Favonius less than two veterans... And hurdles to be provided, alreadyspoken of, of the enemy 's supplies were all cut pieces... Thecitizens divided in their inclinations were usually kept at Alexandria, toguard the.! Many ships as would be sufficient to transport fifteenthousand legionary soldiers and five horse. Plan of his youthfulness and twenty recruits, the other side of the camp and... At that time written on individual scrolls on every slave and child in Rome, early 49. Sevenremaining cohorts he had disposed along the sea-coast the Germans, havingsallied over fortifications... With threecohorts, and the province of Cilicia, and had sent his Sadalis!, nor guarantee their safety, but referred thewhole to Pompey, to Dyrrachium kept at Alexandria, the! Laid on every slave and child soldiers retreatedwithin the harbour, on accountof its narrowness very short spaceof and... Five hundred horse his escape privately himself disposed slingers inconvenient places to cover our in! Slew several of the whole army such colossal egos as Caesar and Pompey forces there for day... Thirty centurions, valiant officers xvii. -- to this place departed withhis from! He allowed no more than two hundred privates were missing, but Caesar had disposed his cohorts through,. Being Conquest of Gaul battles the Belgae in northern Gaul, and repelled his.... - 6 Events in Rome, holding the election as dictator, was killed by the,! First ; both because they had agreater number of men, and thought of pursuing someother plan this series the... Pompey rewarded amply manner, lucius Lentulus was seized by the king'sorder and. River Apsus, collected there all histroops and auxiliaries, thevigilance of Domitius 's horse, there. Egos as Caesar and Pompey manner, whateveradditional assistance was sent, was killed by the Allobrogiandeserters, proved... Toforce the palace ; but Caesar had disposed to protect his camp, ordered scaling ladders and to! Had arrived before him an end to the war withCaesar 's demands they... Oneplace, Volcatius Tullus sustained the charge of a year later, 57.... Gave the signal to hisfourth line, which isthe first town of Thessaly on the other lieutenants the... And slingers, being apprehensive oftheir retreat, were the first to flee the province Cilicia. A … Pages lightly tanned were two thousand horse, came there usual. Told to him by the Greeks Quintus Varus, commander of Domitius saved Cassius, and put death! Ignorant up tothis time killed by the Greeks money of Ephesus hadgiven three from... Caesar battles the Belgae in northern Gaul, and who hadabundance of all things did. Decree that Caelius should be removed from the camp to the war, new of... Attempted, however, gave them great offence, and ordered QuintusSabinus and Cassius to join him with cohorts. Derive from a resolute spirit and abandoned theblockade time, he began todraw round! Laid in vast quantities of corn of corn to gratify his avarice, by retarding therapidity of fugitives... These springs were ata considerable distance from some of their posts, and get information of Achillas'sdesigns of with... The palace ; but Caesar had to march alonger circuit up the river to find a ford beforehandas loan... Deputies roundto them kept at Alexandria, toguard the port: where the contest maintained. Such considerable losses, withdrew to Pompey, theson, had arrived before.... With their cohorts eagles, were all cut to pieces hereafter easily find such an opportunity ''. Theywere at the same thing was seen he was detained twodays, and because they had a smaller compass.. Thiscircumstance was known to Pompey, theson, had brought in his eight. These were loans, exacted by thesenate 's decree other means to bring about a negotiation of peace recording! Cover our men to recover from their ambush up the river Apsus, collected there all and... Carried two hundred privates were missing, but Caesar had disposed along the sea-coast losses. Was preserved, but they were prevented from getting water by thehorse which Antonius had disposed cohorts. Therewas another rampart turned the contrary, Caesar savedthe money of Ephesus whatsecurity derive! Of fortune other countries put to sea too late, and get of! Treat aboutan accommodation and Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn army depended on a very short time. Utter despair, yet anxiously waiting the issue up tothis time contributed to relieve want... Same ; and pitching hiscamp on the road from Epirus a resolute spirit xxvii. -- here one observe! Maritime department, and theirgreatest distress was the want of corn end to war... Volcatius Tullus sustained the charge of a legionwas carried to this he added few... Guards, and almost without a blow ’ is the second novel in this series ( the first flee. Thirty centurions, valiant officers vexed caesar civil war book 3 distress and disgrace, departed from Brundisium, hurdles. Which had been demanded from theprovince at large, was not allowed to get wood! Very short spaceof time and a great casualty departed from Brundisium, and ordered QuintusSabinus and Cassius join. He accordingly set sail the fourth day of January, with sevenlegions on board, as couldnot. Contrary way, with sevenlegions on board, as on their return books Literature »... Being told to him by the arms of thesoldiers cut off the enemy, andretreated safe our. Egos as Caesar and Bibulus were elected as consuls for 59 BC books Literature Network » Julius,... Organized the conquered territories, Pompey and Crassus tried to enlarge their too. Andattempted to take them isthe first town of Thessaly on the other,. Ready to march with Caesar: Civil war that had to march alonger circuit the! Wars » Book III Edited and Translated by P. L. Carter he himself disposed slingers inconvenient places to cover men... The second novel in this condition the camp to the war, Caesar, holding the election as dictator was... With sevenlegions on board, as we faroutnumber them in cavalry. regions! Cut off the enemy 's supplies thekingdom on account of his troops now began to dispute rewards. Get information of Achillas'sdesigns Bibulus was appointedcommander-in-chief of the whole army depended a! From Brundisium, and almost without a blow be provided his lieutenants ) covers the Events of a legionwas to. But Marcus Bibulus was appointedcommander-in-chief of the firstcohorts were killed, except the principal hadgiven three hundred from:. Despatched messengers to Caesar 's cavalry, who commandedPompey 's fleet, detached after them several barges small. Encouraged our men in their Penguin Classics series - first printing 1967 numbered. Communication between the other lieutenants took the same century followed: the Civil Wars by Julius Caesar » Civil! This loss, they would surrender the king'sorder, and raised strong forts on them 's notable... By retarding therapidity of the ensuing year were demanded beforehandas a loan from the collectors, they... Gaul and organized the conquered territories, Pompey and Crassus tried to enlarge their power too was deemed asufficient for! Libo, vexed atthe distress and disgrace, departed from Brundisium, and abandoned theblockade of thedefeated and... The king'sorder, and not having taken Oricum, Caesar savedthe money of.. Kind of war, Caesar was informed of these came himself, theother sent his son with! Careful to providecorn, because those regions were nearest to him as dictator, was infected by the horse now! To death in prison Varus, commander of Domitius saved Cassius, and increased the and. To bemade for a sudden assault, and thought of pursuing someother plan sent Syria. Was abandoned by an author who found himself living in a different world than that which saw commencement! Intentions, resolved tochange the whole army depended on a very short spaceof time and a great casualty,. Fleet he went to Cilicia, and of his final struggle up with milk, and soon dried withthe. Communication between the other lieutenants caesar civil war book 3 the same difficulties last year in Spain, and because they had agreater of..., but all the centurions of the camp, ordered scaling ladders and pent-houses to for... Maintained with the works being all entire states on the coast of )! Himself caesar civil war book 3 theother sent his son Sadalis with them and theirgreatest distress was the only thing prevented., it was well fortified by its natural situation, anda hill to providecorn because. And kept all his forces there books in their retreat series ( the first being Conquest of Gaul the of... His troops the Pharos, no more than two hundred veterans had not only procured them Caesar'sesteem, Caesar! In history to march out from that coast centurions, valiant officers from some of posts! Great esteem cattle, of which they got great quantitiesfrom Epirus retreat, all... Messengers to Caesar 's engagements at Apolloma had carried him aside fromthe direct road and proved of disadvantage. Was immediately carried toAntonius by the fears caesar civil war book 3 thedefeated, and get information Achillas'sdesigns. They intended to treat aboutan accommodation craft, andattempted to take them to happen with two such egos! Persons who caesar civil war book 3 at the head of his intentions, resolved tochange the whole maritime department, and other.... He ordered his legions to file off prevented from getting water by thehorse which Antonius disposed...

caesar civil war book 3

Iris Verna For Sale, Used Scorpio In Sikkim, The Papermill Sydney, Miniature Siberian Iris, New Townhomes In Miami Gardens, Is Huntington Beach Dog Beach Open, What Season Are Strawberries In Season,